How Many Calories Should I Eat?
Fixed calorie recommendations do not work. They must be customized to each individual.
You are reading: Calorie Calculator – Daily Caloric Needs
The calculator shows how many calories you may eat in order to maintain or lose weight. Do your best estimate of how much exercise you will be stick to. Be honest.
The recommended calories include your exercise – so don’t try to adjust what you are eating each day if you had a workout.
Over time, as you lose weight you will need to recalculate based on your new weight. Also, if you make big changes to your workout (reducing or increasing) you should also recalculate.
Calories for Fat Loss
Science tells us that 1 pound of fat is equal to 3500 calories, so a daily calorie deficit of 500 should result in 1 pound per week fat loss.
In reality things don’t quite work that efficiently.
Generally, your energy expenditure becomes less as to lose weight – meaning that you will inevitably plateau. The amount of food intake that once resulted in weight loss, will now only maintain2.
Need help with the basics of weight loss? Read our straight-forward guide.
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Take It Gently
Always try to aim for the “Fat Loss” daily calorie level.
The “Extreme Fat Loss” level is the lowest calorie level you should ever try. Do not attempt to immediately drop your calories to this level hoping for a quick fix. This may ultimately backfire.
The Weight Loss Plateau
Why use the 7-day Calorie Cycle (Zig-Zag)?
The human body is remarkably adaptive and quickly adjusts to a lowered calorie level.
It becomes more efficient at using energy (lowered metabolism), and therefore burns less fat. This is why most of us reach a weight loss plateau.
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At this point, the only option is to change something:
- increased cardio,
- weight training,
- ‘cheat’ meals (i.e. occasional high-calorie meals),
- cycling (or zig-zagging) calories,
- even manipulating macro-nutrient ratios can all help to do this (don’t forget adequate sleep and hydration).
You often find that the nearer you get to your goal weight (or body fat percentage) – the harder things get!
Continually dropping calories will only lower metabolism even further. The moment you return to ‘normal’ eating – the weight comes back on. The 7 Day zig-zag provides a suggestion for daily calories that will keep your body guessing – and increase your chances of sustained weight loss.
Need Help With Food Choices?
- Basic healthy snacks
- Low-calorie meal ideas
- Best foods for fat loss
Minimum Daily Calorie intake
It is difficult to set absolute bottom calorie levels, because everyone has different body composition and activity levels.
Health authorities do set some baselines – these are 1200 calories per day for women, and 1800 calories per day for men.
These rules don’t make sense – are you are sedentary person with little muscle mass? Or someone who is tall, muscular, and exercises a lot? Absolute levels don’t work – but do give us a starting point.
When reducing calories:
Try not to lower your calorie intake by more than 500 calories below maintenance.
Doing so may invoke the bodies starvation response, which can lead to a Yo-yo dieting effect.
Try to gradually lower calories. A sudden drop (such as 500 calories or more) can cause your metabolism to slow.
Learn to eat slowly – research shows that faster eaters are heavier people1.
What happens when calories are too low?
- Muscle mass is broken down for energy (catabolism).
- Metabolic rate will begin to drop (typically) after 3 days of very low calories – this is related to, and compounded by the loss of muscle mass.
- With very low calories you risk sluggishness, nutritional deficiencies, fatigue, and often irritability.
You are completely set-up for a regain in fat if you suddenly return to your previous eating patterns.
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As your exercise level was already factored into the equation, there is NO NEED to subtract calories burned by exercise.
For the sake of simplicity we define a ‘workout’ as 15-30 minutes of elevated heart rate.
For you this could mean a brisk walk, for others it could be a slow jog. It could be a session of weight-bearing exercises.
Intense exercise can be defined as an hour of elevated heart rate (however intense workouts such as a series of body weight exercises (or heavy weights) with little or no breaks are considered intense even when only a shorter duration).
Estimating your exercise can be very arbitrary. If in doubt – underestimate. We all tend to overestimate how much exercise we do.
Uses the calories burned tool to see how different exercises compare.
You can lose weight without exercise. However exercise will bring other benefits: it maintains muscle when under calorie deficit, and is great for your heart and mental health.
Lose Fat and Build Muscle?
Most people lose muscle mass when restricting calories. Body recomposition takes real effort. It requires a delicate tweak of daily calories, combined with a comprehensive workout plan.
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…I have used this calculator to help me lose weight. In total so far I have lost 50 pounds, I went from a size 14 to now a size 6-8…” – Saskia more…
This calculator has been developed using the most accurate methodologies from peer-reviewed research. See the Calorie Needs Guide for a complete explanation.
-  Faster Self-Reported Speed of Eating Is Related to Higher Body Mass Index in a Nationwide Survey of Middle-Aged Women. Sook Ling Leong, Clara Madden, Andrew Gray, Debra Waters, Caroline Horwath Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1 August 2011 (volume 111 issue 8 Pages 1192-1197 DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2011.05.012)
-  Modeling weight-loss maintenance to help prevent body weight regain. Kevin D Hall and Peter N Jordan , American Journal of Clinical Nutrition December 2008 (Vol. 88, No. 6, 1495-1503doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26333) Link
- MD Mifflin, ST St Jeor, et al. A new predictive equation for resting energy expenditure in healthy individuals.
J Am Diet Assoc 2005:51:241-247. Link
- Frankenfield DC, et al. Comparison of Predictive Equations for Resting Metabolic Rate in Healthy Nonobese and Obese Adults: A Systematic Review. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105:775-789. Link
- Frankenfield DC, et al. The Harris-Benedict studies of human basal metabolism: history and limitations. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;98:439-445.
- Manini, T. M., Everhart, J. E., Patel, K. V., Schoeller, D. A., Colbert, L. H., Visser, M., … & Harris, T. B. (2006). Daily activity energy expenditure and mortality among older adults. Jama, 296(2), 171-179. Link